English Translation of Al-Quran
.Surah Yusuf [Joseph]
Ayat 66. He [Yaqub (Jacob)[PBUH] said: “I will not send him with you until you swear a solemn oath to me in Allah’s Name, that you will bring him back to me unless you are yourselves surrounded (by enemies, etc.),” And when they had sworn their solemn oath, he said: “Allah is the Witness over what we have said.”
Tafseer of Surah Yusuf (PBUH) Ayat 66. (Jacob) said: “Never will I send him with you until ye swear a solemn oath to me, in Allah’s name, that ye will be sure to bring him back to me unless ye are yourselves hemmed in (and made powerless). And when they had sworn their solemn oath, he said: “Over all that we say, be Allah the Witness and Guardian!” The appeal to the family’s needs in the time of famine at length made Jacob relent, but he exacted a solemn promise from the brothers, under the most religious sanctions, that they would bring Benjamin back to him, unless they were themselves prevented, as the Insurance Policies say “by an act of God,” so that they became really powerless. To that promise Jacob called Allah to witness. This is more than a formula. Allah is invoked as present and witnessing the bargain, and to Him both parties make over the affair to arrange and fulfil.
English Translation of Hadith
Hazrat Abdullah bin Masud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah [SAWW](PBUH) used to say: “Allahumma inni as’alukal-huda wat-tuqa wal-`afafa wal-ghina (O Allah! I ask You for guidance, piety, chastity and self-sufficiency)”.
[Muslim Book 035, Chapter 17, Hadith # 6566].
Lesson : as mentioned above in Surah Yusuf Ayat 66. “”Allah is the Witness over what we have said.” This Hadith contains four words, the meanings and implications of which constitute its essence. These words are guidance, piety (fear of Allah), chastity and sufficiency. Guidance here means guidance at every turn of life and steadfastness on the path of truth. Fear of Allah is the greatest means of piety and strongest defense against sins. Chastity is the state of being free from what is unlawful. Self-sufficiency is the antonym of poverty and here it means the self-contentment. What it implies is that one should not care for what people possess. In view of all these qualities, the prayer of the Prophet [SAWW](PBUH) mentioned in this Hadith is very comprehensive and valuable.
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