March 5, 2021

Daily Qur’an & Hadith 04 Jan 2021 (17 Jamadi Al`Awwal 1442)

English Translation of Al-Quran

[12].Surah Yusuf [Joseph]

Ayat 19. And there came a caravan of travelers; they sent their water-drawer, and he let down his bucket (into the well). He said: “What good news! Here is a boy.” So they hid him as merchandise (a slave). And Allah was the All-Knower of what they did.

Ayat 20. And they sold him for a low price, – for a few Dirham’s (i.e. for a few silver coins). And they were of those who regarded him insignificant.

Tafseer of Surah Yusuf (PBUH) Ayat 19. Then there came a caravan of travelers: they sent their water-carrier (for water), and he let down his bucket (into the well)…He said: “Ah there! Good news! Here is a (fine) young man!” So they concealed him as a treasure! But Allah knows well all that they do! Then comes the caravan of unknown travelers-Midianite or Arab merchants travelling to Egypt with merchandise, such as the balm of Gilead in Transjordan. In accordance with custom the caravan was preceded by advance parties to search out water and pitch a camp near. They naturally went to the well and let down their bucket. The water carrier is surprised and taken aback, when he finds a youth of comely appearance, innocent like an angel, with a face as bright as the sun! What is he to make of it? Anyhow, to see him is a delight! And he shouts it out as a piece of good news. Some Commentators think that “Bushra”, the Arabic word for “Good news”, is a proper noun, the name of the companion to whom he shouted. It was a caravan of merchants, and they think of everything in terms of the money to be made out of it! Here was an unknown, unclaimed youth, of surpassing beauty, with apparently a mind as refined as was his external beauty. If he could be sold in the opulent slave markets of Memphis or whatever was the capital of the Hyksos Dynasty then ruling in Egypt (see Appendix IV following S.7), What a price he would fetch! They had indeed lighted upon a treasure! And they wanted to conceal him lest he was another’s slave and had run away from his master who might come and claim him! The circumstances were peculiar and the merchants were cautious. Bida’ah – stock in trade: capital; money; wealth; treasure (Cf. 12:62). To different minds the situation appeared different. Joseph must have felt keenly the edge of his brethren’s treason. His father Jacob was lost in the sorrow of the loss of his best-beloved son. The brethren were exulting in their plan of getting rid of one whom they hated. The merchants were gloating over their gains. But the horizon of all was limited. Allah knew their deeds and their feelings and motives, and He was working out His own Plan. Neither the best of us nor the worst of us know whether our Destiny is leading us-how evil plots are defeated and goodness comes to its own in marvelous ways! 20. They sold him for a miserable price, for a few dirhams counted out: in such low estimation did they hold him! Dirham; from Greek, drachma, a small silver coin, which varied in weight and value at different times and in different States. And so the most precious of human lives in the age was sold into slavery for a few silver pieces! In popular tradition the wife of the Egyptian courtier is identified as Zuleika.

English Translation of Hadith

Hazrat Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah [SAWW](PBUH) delivered a Khutbah and said, “O people! Hajj (pilgrimage to the House of Allah) has been made incumbent upon you, so perform Hajj.” A man inquired: “O Messenger of Allah, is it prescribed every year?” He [SAWW](PBUH) remained silent till the man repeated it thrice. Then he [SAWW](PBUH) said, “Had I replied in the affirmative, it would have surely become obligatory, and you would not have been able to fulfill it.” Afterwards he said, “Do not ask me so long as I do not impose anything upon you, because those who were before you were destroyed on account of their frequent questioning and their disagreement with their Prophets. So when I order you to do something, do it as far as you can; and when I forbid you from doing anything, eschew it.”

[Muslim Book 007, Chapter 71, Hadith # 3095].

Lesson : as mentioned above in Surah Yusuf Ayat 19“And Allah was the All-Knower of what they did.” This Hadith brings out the following points:

  1. Hajj is compulsory once in a lifetime for those who have the means for it.
  2. Unnecessary questioning is disliked.
  3. Those who believe in Allah and His Prophet[SAWW](PBUH) are required to do what they are ordained and abstain from what they are forbidden.

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