English Translation of Al-Quran
.Surah Yusuf [Joseph]
Ayat 22. And when he [Yusuf (Joseph)] attained his full manhood, We gave him wisdom and knowledge (the Prophethood), thus We reward the Muhsinun (doers of good).
Ayat 23. And she, in whose house he was, sought to seduce him (to do an evil act), she closed the doors and said: “Come on, O you.” He said: “I seek refuge in Allah (or Allah forbid)! Truly, he (your husband) is my master! He made my stay agreeable! (So I will never betray him). Verily, the Zalimun (wrong and evil-doers) will never be successful.”
Tafseer of Surah Yusuf Ayat 22 & 23. When Joseph attained(1664) His full manhood, We gave him power and knowledge: thus do We reward those who do right. When Joseph left Canaan , he was a young and immature lad of seventeen or eighteen, but his nature was innocent and good. Through the vicissitudes of his fortune in Egypt , he grew in knowledge, judgement, and power. Muhsinin: those who do right, those who do good. Both ideas are implied. In following the right conduct, you are necessarily doing good to yourself and to others. 23. But she in whose house he was, sought to seduce him from his (true) self: she fastened the doors, and said: “Now come, thou (dear one)!” He said: “(Allah) forbid! truly (thy husband) is my lord! he made my sojourn agreeable! truly to no good come those who do wrong!” The ‘Aziz had treated Joseph with honour: he was more his guest and son than his slave. In trying to seduce Joseph in these circumstances, his wife was guilty of a crime against Joseph’s own honour and dignity. And there was a third fault in her earthly love. True love blots Self out: it thinks more of the loved one than of the Self. The ‘Aziz’s wife was seeking the satisfaction of her own selfish passion, and was in treason against Joseph’s pure soul and his high destiny. It was inevitable that Joseph should repel the advances made by the wife of the courtier. Joseph’s plea in rejecting her advances is threefold:’ (1) I owe a duty, and so do you, to your husband, | the ‘Aziz; (2) the kindness, courtesy, and honour, with which he has treated me entitled him to more than mere gratitude from me; (3) in any case, do you not see that you are harboring a guilty passion, and that no good can come out of guilt? we must all obey laws, human and divine.’
English Translation of Hadith
Hazrat Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah [SAWW](PBUH) said, “Seven people Allah will give them His Shade on the Day when there would be no shade but the Shade of His Throne (i.e., on the Day of Resurrection): And they are: a just ruler; a youth who grew up with the worship of Allah; a person whose heart is attached to the mosques, two men who love and meet each other and depart from each other for the sake of Allah; a man whom an extremely beautiful woman seduces (for illicit relation), but he (rejects this offer and) says: `I fear Allah’; a man who gives in charity and conceals it (to such an extent) that the left hand does not know what the right has given; and a man who remembers Allah in solitude and his eyes become tearful”.
[Al-Bukhari Volume 08, Book 82, Hadith # 798].
Lesson : as mentioned above in Surah Yusuf Ayat 23.“I seek refuge in Allah (or Allah forbid)!.” This Hadith has been included in this chapter for the reason that it highlights the merits of fear of Allah. The fear of Allah keeps one away from disobedience of Allah, the reward of which in the Hereafter is Jannah – a world which abounds in the Bounties and Pleasure of Allah.
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