English Translation of Al-Quran
.Surah Yusuf [Joseph]
Ayat 42. And he said to the one whom he knew to be saved: “Mention me to your king (i.e. your king of Egypt, so as to get me out of the prison).” But Shaitan (Satan) made him forget to mention it to his King, So [Yusuf (Joseph) PBUH] stayed in prison a few (more) years.
Tafseer of Surah Yusuf (PBUH) Ayat 42. And of the two, to that one whom he consider about to be saved, he said: “Mention me to thy lord.” But Satan made him forget to mention him to his lord: and (Joseph) lingered in prison a few (more) years. Joseph never mentioned himself in interpreting the dream, nor ever thought of himself in his kindness to his fellow-sufferers in prison. It was afterwards, when the cupbearer’s dream came true, and he was being released on being restored to favour, that we can imagine him taking an affectionate leave of Joseph, and even asking him in his elation if he could do anything for Joseph. Joseph had no need of earthly favours—least of all, from kings or their favorites. The divine grace was enough for him. But he had great work to do, which he could not do in prison—work for Egypt and her king, and the world at large. If the cupbearer could mention him to the king, not by way of recommendation, but because the king’s own justice was being violated in keeping an innocent man in prison, perhaps that might help to advance the cause of the king and of Egypt And so he said, “Mention me to King.” The eternal Plan does not put Allah’s Prophets under obligations to men commanding mere worldly favour or earthly power. If they are given a chance, the obligation is on the worldly men, however highly placed. . . In this case, the poor cupbearer was but human. When he was in the midst of the Court, he forgot the poor fellow-prisoner languishing in prison. In this he yielded to the lower part of his nature, which is guided by Satan. A few (mare) years: bid ‘ in Arabic signifies a small indefinite number, say up to 3, 5, 7 or 9 years.
English Translation of Hadith
Hazrat Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah [SAWW](PBUH) said, “A Muslim is a brother of another Muslim. So he should not oppress him nor should he hand him over to (his Satan or to his self which is inclined to evil). Whoever fulfills the needs of his brother, Allah will fulfill his needs; whoever removes the troubles of his brother, Allah will remove one of his troubles on the Day of Resurrection; and whoever covers up the fault of a Muslim, Allah will cover up his fault on the Day of Resurrection”.
[Al-Bukhari Volume 3, Book 43, Number 622].
Lesson : as mentioned above in Surah Yusuf Ayat 42.” But Shaitan (Satan) made him forget to mention it to his King” This Hadith is extremely important for the reason that it advises Muslims to live like family members. It says that one does not like to subject one’s own son, brother, etc, to suppression, nor leaves him helpless in trouble, but helps him when he is in need of it, endeavors to relieve him of hardship and admonishes him when he does anything wrong. Almighty Allah is pleased with such behavior and gives him best reward for it in this world and the next.
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