English Translation of Al-Quran
.Surah Yusuf [Joseph]
Ayat 101. (Yusuf supplicated) “My Lord! You have indeed bestowed on me of the sovereignty, and taught me the interpretation of dreams; The (only) Creator of the heavens and the earth! You are my Wali (Protector, Helper, Supporter, Guardian, etc.) in this world and in the Hereafter, cause me to die as a Muslim (the one submitting to Your Will), and join me with the righteous.”
Tafseer of Surah Yusuf Ayat 101. “O my Lord! Thou hast indeed bestowed on me some power, and taught me something of the interpretation of dreams and events,- O Thou Creator of the heavens and the earth! Thou art my Protector in this world and in the Hereafter. Take Thou my soul (at death) as one submitting to Thy will (as a Muslim), and unite me with the righteous.” Then he turns to Allah in prayer, and again his modesty is predominant. He held supreme power under the king, but he calls it “some power” or authority. His reading of events and dreams had saved millions of lives in the great Egyptian famine; yet he refers to it as “something of the interpretation of dreams and events”. And he takes no credit to himself. “All this;” he says, “was Thy gift, O Allah! For such things can only come from the Creator of the heavens and the earth.” Power in the doing of things as well as power in intelligent forecasts and plans—both must look to Allah: otherwise the deed and the plan would be futile. Joseph’s prayer may be analyzed thus: (1)I am nothing; all power and knowledge are Thine; (2) such things can only come from Thee, for Thou art the Creator of all; (3) none can protect me from danger and wrong, but only Thou; (4) Thy protection I need both in this world and the next; (5) may I till death remain constant to Thee; (6) may I yield up my soul to Thee in cheerful submission to Thy will; (7) in this moment of union with my family after many partings let me think of the final union with the great spiritual family of the righteous. How marvelously apt to the occasion! (Cf. 13:23 ).
English Translation of Hadith
Hazrat Shaddad bin Aus (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah [SAWW](PBUH) said, “The best supplication for seeking forgiveness (Syed-ul-Istighfar) is to say: `Allahumma Anta Rabbi, la ilaha illa Anta, khalaqtani wa ana `abduka, wa ana `ala `ahdika wa wa`dika mastata`tu, a`udhu bika min sharri ma sana`tu, abu’u laka bini`matika `alayya, wa abu’u bidhanbi faghfir li, fa innahu la yaghfirudh-dhunuba illa Anta. (O Allah! You are my Rubb. There is no true god except You. You have created me, and I am Your slave, and I hold to Your Covenant as far as I can. I seek refuge in You from the evil of what I have done. I acknowledge the favours that You have bestowed upon me, and I confess my sins. Pardon me, for none but You has the power to pardon).’ He who supplicates in these terms during the day with firm belief in it and dies on the same day (before the evening), he will be one of the dwellers of Jannah; and if anyone supplicates in these terms during the night with firm belief in it and dies before the morning, he will be one of the dwellers of Jannah.”
[Al-Bukhari Book 08, Chapter 75, Hadith # 318].
Lesson : as mentioned above in Surah Yusuf Ayat 101. “Allah You are my Wali (Protector, Helper, Supporter, Guardian, etc.) in this world and in the Hereafter,” This Hadith tells us about the etiquette of praying to Allah and while seeking forgiveness. This Dua is very comprehensive and therefore called best (King) of Istighfar (Syed-ul-Istighfar).
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