English Translation of Al-Quran
.Surah Yusuf [Joseph]
Ayat 58. And Yusuf’s (Joseph)[PBUH] brethren came and they entered unto him, and he recognized them, but they recognized him not.
Ayat 59. And when he had furnished them forth with provisions (according to their need), he said: “Bring me a brother of yours from your father; (he meant Benjamin). See you not that I give full measure, and that I am the best of the hosts?
Ayat 60. “But if you bring him not to me, there shall be no measure (of corn) for you with me, nor shall you come near me.”
Tafseer of Surah Yusuf (PBUH) Ayat 58, 59 & 60 . Then came Joseph´s brethren: they entered his presence, and he knew them, but they knew him not. Years pass; the times of prosperity go by; famine holds the land in its grip, and it extends to neighboring countries. Joseph’s preparations are complete. His reserves are ample to meet the calamity. Not only does Egypt bless him, but neighboring countries send to Egypt to purchase corn. All are received with hospitality, and corn is sold to them according to judicious measure. Now there has been one sorrow gnawing at Joseph’s heart. His poor father Jacob! How he must have wept, as indeed he did, at the loss of his beloved Joseph! And Joseph’s little brother Benjamin, born of the same mother as himself; would the other ten brothers, not by the same mother, have any affection for him, or would they treat him, as they treated Joseph? How would the whole family be in these hard times? A sort of answer came when the ten selfish brothers, driven by famine, came from Canaan to buy corn. Joseph, though so great a man, kept the details of the famine department in his own hands: otherwise there might have been waste. But to the public he was a mighty Egyptian administrator, probably in Egyptian dress, and with all the paraphernalia of his rank about him. When his brothers came, he knew them, but they did not know he was Joseph. In their thoughts Joseph was probably some menial slave in a remote household, perhaps already starved to death in these hard times! (Cf. 12:15 ). 59. And when he had furnished them forth with provisions (suitable) for them, he said: “Bring unto me a brother ye have, of the same father as yourselves, (but a different mother): see ye not that I pay out full measure, and that I do provide the best hospitality? Joseph treated his brothers liberally. Perhaps he condescended to enter into conversation with these strangers, and enquired about their family. The ten brothers had come. Had they left a father behind them? What sort of a person was he? Very aged? Well, of course he could not come. Had they any other brothers? Doubtless the ten brothers said nothing about their lost Joseph, or told some lie about him. But perhaps their host’s kindly insistence brought Benjamin into the conversation. How old was he? Why had they not brought him? Would they bring him next time? Indeed they must, or they would get no more corn, and he—the great Egyptian Wazir—would not even see them. 60. “Now if ye bring him not to me, ye shall have no measure (of corn) from me, nor shall ye (even) come near me.”
English Translation of Hadith
Hazrat Abu Shuraih Khuwailid bin `Amr Al-Khuza`i (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah [SAWW](PBUH) saying, “He who believes in Allah and the Last Day, should accommodate his guest according to his right.” He was asked: “What is his right, O Messenger of Allah?” He [SAWW](PBUH) replied: “It is (to accommodate him) for a day and a night, and hospitality extends for three days, and what is beyond that is charity.”
[Muslim Book 001, Chapter 20, Hadith # 078].
In another narration it is added: Messenger of Allah [SAWW](PBUH) said, “It is not permissible for a Muslim to stay so long with his brother till he makes him sinful.” He was asked: “O Messenger of Allah, how can he make him sinful?” He replied, “He prolongs his stay with him till nothing is left with the host to entertain him (guest).”
[Muslim Book 018, Chapter 13, Hadith # 4287].
Lesson : as mentioned above in Surah Yusuf Ayat 59. “See you not that I give full measure, and that I am the best of the hosts?” This Hadith throws light on something more of the etiquette and scope of hospitality. A guest ought to be given the best entertainment on the first day and night. For the next two days, hospitality should be moderate. On the fourth day, the guest should leave for his destination. Yet if he chooses to stay, hospitality will be in the sense of charity.
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