English Translation of Al-Quran
.Surah Yusuf [Joseph]
Ayat 9. “Kill Yusuf (Joseph) or cast him out to some (other) land, so that the favour of your father may be given to you alone, and after that you will be righteous folk (by intending repentance before committing the sin).”
Ayat 10. One from among them said: “Kill not Yusuf (Joseph), but if you must do something, throw him down to the bottom of a well, he will be picked up by some caravan of travelers.”
Tafseer of Surah Yusuf (PBUH) Ayat 9 & 10. “Slay ye Joseph or cast him out to some (unknown) land, that so the favour of your father may be given to you alone: (there will be time enough) for you to be righteous after that! ” There seems to be some irony here, consistent with the cynical nature of these callous, worldly-wise brethren. The goodness of Joseph was a reproach to their own wickedness. Perhaps the grieved father contrasted Joseph against them, and sometimes spoke of it: “Why don’t you be good like Joseph?” This was gall and wormwood to them. Real goodness was to them nothing but a name. Perhaps it only suggested hypocrisy to them. So they plotted to get rid of Joseph. In their mean hearts they thought that would bring back their father’s love whole to them But they valued that love only for what material good they could get out of it. On the other hand their father was neither foolish nor unjustly partial. He only knew the difference between gold and dross. They say in irony, “Let us first get rid of Joseph. It will be time enough then to pretend to be ‘good’ like him, or to repent of our crime after we have had all its benefits in material things!” 10. Said one of them: “Slay not Joseph, but if ye must do something, throw him down to the bottom of the well: he will be picked up by some caravan of travelers. “One of the brethren, perhaps less cruel by nature, or perhaps more worldly-wise, said: “Why undertake the risk of blood-guiltiness? Throw him into the well you see there! Some travelers passing by will pick him up and remove him to a far country. If not, at least we shall not have killed him:” This was false casuistry, but such casuistry appeals to sinners of a certain kind of temperament. The well was apparently a dry well, deep enough to prevent his coming out, but with no water in which he could be drowned. It was Allah’s Plan to save him alive, but not to make Joseph indebted to any of his brethren for his life!
English Translation of Hadith
Hazrat Ibn Masud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah [SAWW](PBUH) said, “The first matter concerning which people will be judged on the Day of Resurrection will be the matter of blood (unjust murder).”
[Al-Bukhari Volume 08, Book 76, Hadith # 540].
Lesson : as mentioned above in Surah Yusuf Ayat 9. “Kill Yusuf (Joseph) or cast him out to some (other) land,” In another Hadith, it has been stated that on the Day of Judgment, the first thing about which people will be questioned will be As-Salat (the five daily prayers). There is no contradiction in the two narrations. Among the duties of Allah, the first thing to be reckoned would be As-Salat; while among the mutual right of humans, the first thing to be decided would be murder. From this narration the value of human life becomes very significant.
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