English Translation of Al-Quran
. Surah As-Sajdah [The Prostration]
Ayat 06. That is, Allah, the All Knower of the unseen and the seen, the All Mighty, the Most Merciful.
Ayat 07. Who made everything Allah has created good, and He began the creation of man from clay.
Ayat 08. Then He made his offspring from semen of worthless water.
Tafseer of Surah Al Sajdah (The Prostration) Ayat 6 to 8. Such is He, the Knower of all things, hidden and open, the Exalted (in power), the Merciful;-Allah’s attributes, then, may be summed up with reference to knowledge, Power, and Mercy. Where our knowledge is partial and uncertain, His is complete and certain. Where our power often falls short of the carrying out of our will, or needs the help of Time, His is complete and counters ours with His Will. Where our mercy seems to be bounded by or opposed to justice, His is absolute and unconditioned. Ayat 7. He Who has made everything which He has created most good: He began the creation of man with (nothing more than) clay, Allah’s creation in itself is good; it is beautiful in proper proportions, and adapted for the functions it has to perform. There is no evil or disorder in it. Such evil or disorder creeps in due to man’s will (as far as the world of man is concerned), and spiritual Teaching is directed to train and cure that will and bring it into conformity with the Universal Order and Plan. Man is asked to contemplate his own humble beginning. His material body (apart from life) is a piece of earth or clay, which is another term for primeval matter. Matter is therefore the first stage, but even matter was not self-created. It was created by Allah. Ayat 8. And made his progeny from a quintessence of the nature of a fluid despised: Then comes life and the reproduction of life. We are still looking at the purely physical aspect, but it is now a stage higher; it is an animal. Its reproduction is through the sperm or semen, which is a quintessence of every part of the body of man. Yet it issues from the same part of his body as the urine, and is therefore despicable in man’s sight. It is a living cell or cells, summing up so much ancestral life-history.
English Translation of Hadith
Hazrat Abdullah bin Masud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah ﷺ [SAWW](PBUH), the truthful and the receiver of the truth informed us, saying, “The creation of you (humans) is gathered in the form of semen in the womb of your mother for forty days, then it becomes a clinging thing in similar (period), then it becomes a lump of flesh like that, then Allah sends an angel who breathes the life into it; and (the angel) is commanded to record four things about it: Its provision, its term of life (in this world), its conduct; and whether it will be happy or miserable. By the One besides Whom there is no true god! Verily, one of you would perform the actions of the dwellers of Jannah until there is only one cubit between him and it (Jannah), when what is foreordained would come to pass and he would perform the actions of the inmates of Hell until he enters it. And one of you would perform the actions of the inmates of Hell, until there is only one cubit between him and Hell. Then he would perform the acts of the dwellers of Jannah until he would enter it.”
[Muslim Book 33, Chapter 01, Hadith # 6930].