June 23, 2024

Surah As-Sajdah Ayat 06, 07 & 08 Daily Qur’an & Hadith (19 Oct 2023)

English Translation of Al-Quran

[32]. Surah As-Sajdah [The Prostration]

Ayat 06. That is, Allah, the All Knower of the unseen and the seen, the All Mighty, the Most Merciful.

Ayat 07. Who made everything Allah has created good, and He began the creation of man from clay.

Ayat 08. Then He made his offspring from semen of worthless water.

Tafseer of Surah Al Sajdah (The Prostration) Ayat 6 to 8. Such is He, the Knower of all things, hidden and open, the Exalted (in power), the Merciful;-Allah’s attributes, then, may be summed up with reference to knowledge, Power, and Mercy. Where our knowledge is partial and uncertain, His is complete and certain. Where our power often falls short of the carrying out of our will, or needs the help of Time, His is complete and counters ours with His Will. Where our mercy seems to be bounded by or opposed to justice, His is absolute and unconditioned. Ayat 7. He Who has made everything which He has created most good: He began the creation of man with (nothing more than) clay, Allah’s creation in itself is good; it is beautiful in proper proportions, and adapted for the functions it has to perform. There is no evil or disorder in it. Such evil or disorder creeps in due to man’s will (as far as the world of man is concerned), and spiritual Teaching is directed to train and cure that will and bring it into conformity with the Universal Order and Plan. Man is asked to contemplate his own humble beginning. His material body (apart from life) is a piece of earth or clay, which is another term for primeval matter. Matter is therefore the first stage, but even matter was not self-created. It was created by Allah. Ayat 8. And made his progeny from a quintessence of the nature of a fluid despised: Then comes life and the reproduction of life. We are still looking at the purely physical aspect, but it is now a stage higher; it is an animal. Its reproduction is through the sperm or semen, which is a quintessence of every part of the body of man. Yet it issues from the same part of his body as the urine, and is therefore despicable in man’s sight. It is a living cell or cells, summing up so much ancestral life-history.

English Translation of Hadith 

Hazrat Abdullah bin Masud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah  [SAWW](PBUH), the truthful and the receiver of the truth informed us, saying, “The creation of you (humans) is gathered in the form of semen in the womb of your mother for forty days, then it becomes a clinging thing in similar (period), then it becomes a lump of flesh like that, then Allah sends an angel who breathes the life into it; and (the angel) is commanded to record four things about it: Its provision, its term of life (in this world), its conduct; and whether it will be happy or miserable. By the One besides Whom there is no true god! Verily, one of you would perform the actions of the dwellers of Jannah until there is only one cubit between him and it (Jannah), when what is foreordained would come to pass and he would perform the actions of the inmates of Hell until he enters it. And one of you would perform the actions of the inmates of Hell, until there is only one cubit between him and Hell. Then he would perform the acts of the dwellers of Jannah until he would enter it.”

[Muslim Book 33, Chapter 01, Hadith # 6930].

Lesson : as mentioned above in Surah As-Sajda Ayat 07. “Who made everything Allah has created good, and He began the creation of man from clay”  This Hadith deals with the problem of fate in which Faith is essential. What it means is that Almighty Allah already knows about every person, whether he will be pious or impious, whether he will go to Jannah or Hell. He has already recorded all this. But it does not mean that man is absolutely helpless and is deprived of will and power, as is believed by some deviant sects who have gone astray. Fate is in fact a manifestation of the Knowledge of Allah and it has nothing to do with the will and intention of a person. Allah has not created man as a helpless creature, but has endowed him with the freedom of will and action, because in the absence of these two qualities, there would be no justification for his trial. He could only be put to test if he was granted not only the ability to choose between good and evil but also the freedom to act. For this purpose, Almighty Allah has clearly indicated to man both the paths and granted him freedom to choose whichever he likes. He has also told him the ultimate end of each. The Noble Qur’an says: “Verily, We showed him the way, whether he be grateful or ungrateful”. {76}Surah Al-Insan [Man]: Ayat 3) “Then whosoever wills, let him believe; and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve”. {18} Surah Al-Kahf [The Cave] : Ayat 29). But by mentioning this Hadith in the chapter relating to the fear of Allah, Imam An-Nawawi has warned that we should be fearful of Allah, pray for His Help, and an auspicious end of our life. He has advised us to adopt whatever means are available to us. In other words, we should make Faith and piety a way of life because one can find the means and resources according to one’s capacity. Since nobody knows the result of his endeavors, one should leave it to Allah and rest assured that He Who has created him with a purpose will also create the ways and means to attain it. He who adopts piety, the ways to piety will open for him; and he who adopts evil, the ways to evil will open for him. A Muslim should never go towards evil at any stage of his life, lest his life comes to an end suddenly and he is deprived of the reward of all the good deeds he has done during his life and consequently he is consigned to Hell rather than Jannah. May Allah save us from a bad end and such actions which lead one to Hell.