May 26, 2024

Surah Al-Ahzab Ayat 54 & 55 Daily Qur’an & Hadith (20 Dec 2023)

English Translation of Al-Quran

[33].Surah Al-Ahzab [The Confederates]

Ayat 54. Whether you reveal anything or conceal it, verily, Allah is Ever All Knower of everything.

Ayat 55. It is no sin on them (the Prophet’s image001.jpg [SAWW](PBUH) wives, if they appear unveiled) before their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their brother’s sons, or the sons of their sisters, or their own (believing) women, or their (female) slaves, and keeps your duty to Allah. Verily, Allah is Ever All Witness over everything.

Tafseer of Surah Al Ahzab (The Confederates) Ayat 54. Whether ye reveal anything or conceal it, verily Allah has full knowledge of all things. Respect or opposition may be shown overtly or in devious hidden ways. All good and evil are open before Allah, and He will take due account of everything. Ayat 55. There is no blame (on these ladies if they appear) before their fathers or their sons, their brothers, or their brother´s sons, or their sister’s sons, or their women, or the (slaves) whom their right hands possess. And, (ladies), fear Allah, for Allah is Witness to all things. This refers back to the Hijab (screen) portion of verse 53 above. The list of those before whom the Prophet’s image001.jpg [SAWW](PBUH) wives could appear informally without a screen is their fathers, sons, brothers, brothers 1 or sisters’ sons, serving women, and household slaves or servants. Commentators include uncles (paternal and maternal) under the heading of “fathers”. Their woman is held to mean all women who belonged to the Muslim community: other women were in the position of strangers, whom they received not so intimately, but with the formality of a screen as in the case of men. Compare with this list and the wording here the list and the wording in 24:31, which applies to all Muslim women. In the list here, husbands and husbands’ relatives are not necessary to be mentioned, as we are speaking of a single household, that of the central figure in Islam, nor men-servants nor children, as there were none. In the wording note that for Muslim women generally, no screen or Hijab (Pardah) is mentioned, but only a veil to cover the bosom, and modesty in dress. The screen was a special feature of honor for the Prophet’s  [SAWW](PBUH) household, introduced about five or six years before his death.

English Translation of Hadith  

Hazrat Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Abu Bakar asked, “O Messenger of Allah image001.jpg [SAWW](PBUH)! Teach me some words so that I may recite them in the morning and in the evening.” The Messenger of Allah image001.jpg [SAWW](PBUH) said, “Recite these words: `Allahumma fatiras-samawati wal-ardi, `alimal-ghaibi wash-shahadati, Rabba kulli shai’in wa malikahu. Ash-hadu an la ilaha illa Anta, A’udhu bika min sharri nafsi, wa sharrish-Shaitani wa shirkihi (O Allah! Creator of the heavens and the earth! Knower of the hidden and the exposed! Rubb of everything and everyone. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but You. I seek Your Protection from the evil of my own self from the evil of Satan and from the evil of Shirk to which he calls).”’ The Messenger of Allah image001.jpg [SAWW](PBUH) added: “Recite these words in the morning and the evening and when you go to bed.”

[Abu Dawud Hadith # 5067 and At-Tirmidhi Hadith # 3392].

Lesson: as mentioned above in Surah Al-Ahzab Ayat 55. “Allah is Ever All Witness over everything” It is desirable to recite the invocations cited in the Hadith in the morning and the evening and also when one goes to bed and awakes. The purpose is that the concept of Allah’s Providence and Divinity remains alive all the time in one’s mind. With these words one seeks Allah’s Protection in life and the Hereafter from things which are harmful. One also begs for his safety and guidance in this life and the Hereafter. This Hadith fully expresses one’s recognition of Allah’s Godhood and Lordship.