December 12, 2023

Surah Luqman Ayat 12 Daily Qur’an & Hadith (23 Sep 2023)

English Translation of Al-Quran

[31].Surah Luqman [Luqman]

Ayat 12. And indeed, Allah bestowed upon Luqman Al­-Hikmah (wisdom and religious understanding, etc.) saying: “Give thanks to Allah,” and whoever gives thanks, he gives thanks for (the good of) his own self. And whoever is unthankful, then verily, Allah is All Rich (Free of all wants), Worthy of all praise.

Tafseer of Surah Luqman Ayat 12. We bestowed (in the past) Wisdom on Luqman:  “Show (thy) gratitude to Allah.” Any who is (so) grateful does so to the profit of his own soul: but if any is ungrateful, verily Allah is free of all wants, Worthy of all praise. The sage Luqman, after whom this Surah is called, belongs to Arab tradition. Very little is known of his life. He is usually associated with a long life, and his title is Muammar (the long-lived). He is referred by some to the age of the ‘Ad people, for who see 7:65. He is the type of perfect wisdom. It is said that he belonged to a humble station in life, being a slave or a carpenter, and that he refused worldly power and a kingdom. Many instructive apologues are credited to him, similar to Aesop’s Fables in Greek tradition. The identification of Luqman and Aesop has no historical foundation, though it is true that the traditions about them influenced each other. Cf. 14:8. The basis of moral Law is man’s own good, and not any benefit to Allah, for Allah is above all needs, and “worthy of all praise”; i.e., even in praising Him, we do not advance His glory. When we obey His Will, we bring our position into conformity with our own nature as made by Him.

English Translation of Hadith 

Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah [SAWW](PBUH) said, “He who has, in his heart, an ant’s weight of arrogance will not enter Jannah.” Someone said: “A man likes to wear beautiful clothes and shoes?” The Messenger of Allah [SAWW](PBUH) said, “Allah is Beautiful, He loves beauty. Arrogance means ridiculing and rejecting the Truth and despising people.”

[Muslim Book 01, Chapter 40, Hadith # 0164].

Lesson : The Hadith says that a man who has even an iota of pride in his heart will be barred from entering Jannah. The Hadith word used for the smallest amount means in Arabic either the smallest ant or the particle which is radiated by sun-rays and seen through a wall-chink. Obviously, such a particle has almost a non-existent amount, but even this much is disapproved by Allah. If pride incites a man to deny the existence of Allah and His Revelation, he is sure to be thrown into Hell. He also faces Divine displeasure and the danger of infernal fire if mere consideration of riches, physical beauty, social and intellectual prominence and family status makes him proud and self-conceited and he looks down upon others, or persists in the denial of Truth. First, he will receive punishment and only then will be admitted into Jannah. A good dress, however, is not counted as a sign of pride.