English Translation of Al-Quran
.Surah Ar-Rum [The Romans]
Ayat 28. Allah sets forth for you a parable from your own selves, – Do you have partners among those whom your right hands possess (i.e. your slaves) to share as equals in the wealth Allah have bestowed on you? Whom do you fear as you fear each other? Allah does explain the (Ayats) signs in detail to people who have sense.
Tafseer of Surah Al Rum (The Romans) Ayat 28. He does propound to you a similitude from your own (experience): do ye have partners among those whom your right hands possess, to share as equals in the wealth Allah have bestowed on you? Do ye fear them as ye fear each other? Thus do Allah explain the Signs in detail to a people that understand? One way in which we can get some idea of the things higher than our own plane is to think of Parables and Similitude Is drawn from our own lives and experience. And such a Similitude or Parable is offered to us to know about false worship. See next note. Allah is far higher above His Creation than any, the highest, of His creatures can be above any, the lowest, of His creatures. And yet would a man share his wealth on equal terms with his dependents? Even what he calls his wealth is not really his own, but given by Allah. It is “his” in common speech by reason merely of certain accidental circumstances. How then can men raise Allah’s creatures to equality with Allah in worship? Men fear each other as equals in a state of society at perpetual warfare. To remove this fear they appoint an authority among themselves-a King or sovereign authority whom they consider just-to preserve them from this fear and give them an established order. But they must obey and revere this authority and depend upon this authority for their own tranquility and security. Even with their equals there is always the fear of public opinion. But men do not fear, or obey, or revere those who are their slaves or dependents. Man is dependent on Allah. And Allah is the Sovereign authority in an infinitely higher sense. He is in no sense dependent on us, but we must honor and revere Him and fear to disobey His Will or His Law. “The fear of Allah is the beginning of wisdom.” Cf. 6:55 and 7:32,
English Translation of Hadith
Hazrat Tamim bin Aus Ad-Dari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah [SAWW](PBUH) said, “Ad-Deen is sincerity”. We said: “For whom?” He replied, “For Allah, His Book, His Messenger and for the leaders of the Muslims and their masses”.
[Muslim Book 01, Chapter 24, Hadith # 098]
Lesson : as mentioned above in Surah Ar-Rum [The Romans] Ayat 28. “Thus do Allah explain the signs in detail to a people who have sense” This Hadith stresses the importance and merits of general sincerity. Sincerity for Allah here means that one must have true faith in Him and He should be worshipped with full devotion and sincerity. Sincerity for the Qur’an means that one should confirm its truth with one’s full heart and mind, recite it regularly, act upon the injunctions contained in it with meticulous care and strictly avoid its misinterpretation. Sincerity of the Prophet (PBUH) means sincere confirmation of his Prophet hood, faithful obedience of his orders and adherence to his Sunnah. The goodwill of the Muslim rulers stands here for co-operating with them in their lawful orders and obedience of their orders which are free from any trace of sin. If they deviate from the Straight Path they should be persuaded to turn to virtue. One should not revolt against them unless they commit infidelity. The goodwill of the Muslim masses means that one should work for the betterment of their life in this world and the Hereafter. They should be provided the right guidance, induced to perform good deeds and deterred from evils.