May 26, 2024

Surah Yaseen Ayat 38 to 40 Daily Qur’an & Hadith (12 April 2024)

English Translation of Al-Quran

[36].Surah Yaseen [Yaseen]

Ayat 38. And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term (appointed). That is the Decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.

Ayat 39. And the moon, We have measured for it mansions (to traverse) till it returns like the old dried curved date stalk.

Ayat 40. It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day. They all float, each in an orbit.

Tafseer of Surah Yaseen, Ayat 38. And the sun runs his course for a period determined for him: that is the decree of (Him), the Exalted in Might, the All-Knowing. Mustaqarr may mean: (1) a limit of time, a period determined, as in 6:67, or (2) a place of rest or quiescence; or (3) a dwelling place, as in 2:36.1 think the first meaning is best applicable here; but some Commentators take the second meaning. Ayat 39. And the Moon,- We have measured for it mansions (to traverse) till she returns like the old (and withered) lower part of a date stalk. The lunar mansions are the 28 divisions of the Zodiac, which are supposed to make the daily course of the moon in the heavens from the time of the new moon to the time when the moon fades away in its “inter-lunar swoon”, an expressive phrase coined by the poet Shelley. ‘ Urjun; a raceme of dates or of a date palm; or the base or lower part of the raceme. When it becomes old, it becomes yellow, dry, and withered, and curves up like a sickle. Hence the comparison with the sickle-like appearance of the new moon. The moon runs through all its phases, increasing and decreasing, until it disappears, and then reappears as a little thin curve. Ayat 40. It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up to the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day: Each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit (according to Law). Though the sun and the moon both traverse the belt of the Zodiac, and their motions are different, they never catch up with each other. When the sun and the moon are on the same side and on a line with the earth there is a solar eclipse, and when on opposite sides in a line, there is a lunar eclipse, but there is no clash. Their Laws are fixed by Allah, and form the subject of study in astronomy. Similarly, Night and Day follow each other, but being opposites cannot coincide, a fit emblem of the opposition of Good and Evil, Truth and Falsehood: see also Cf. 21:33, How beautifully the rounded courses of the planets and heavenly bodies are described, “swimming” through space, with perfectly smooth motion! As Shakespeare expresses it, each “in his motion like an angel sings, Still querying to the young-eyed cherubim’s!”

English Translation of Hadith

Hazrat Abu Musa (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ [SAWW](PBUH) said, “Allah, the Exalted, will continue to stretch out His Hand in the night so that the sinners of the day may repent, and continue to stretch His Hand in the daytime so that the sinners of the night may repent, until the sun rises from the west”.

[Muslim Book 05, Chapter 037, Hadith # 6644].

Lesson : This Hadith confirms an essential Attribute of Allah, i.e., the Hand which He stretches out anytime He wishes without drawing similarity to it, nor interpretation. Such was the attitude of the pious predecessors with regards to all of the essential Attributes of Allah. It is deduced from this Hadith that if one commits a sin during any hour of day or night, he should immediately seek the forgiveness of Allah as a result.