English Translation of Al-Quran
.Surah Al-Ahzab [The Confederates]
Ayat 7. And (remember) when Allah took from the Prophets their covenant, and from you (O Muhammad ﷺ [SAWW](PBUH), and from Nuh (Noah (AS), Ibrahim (Abraham (AS), Mussa (Moses (AS), and ‘Iesa (Jesus (AS), son of Maryam (Mary (AS). We took from them a strong covenant.
Tafseer of Surah Al Ahzab (The Confederates) Ayat 07. And remember Allah took from the prophets their Covenant: As (We did) from the: from Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus the son of Mary: We took from them a solemn covenant: Cf. 3:81. There is an implied covenant on all created things to follow Allah’s Law, which is the law of their being: see 5:1. But there is a special implied covenant with all Prophets, strict and solemn, that they shall carry out their mission, proclaim Allah’s Truth without fear or favor, and be ever ready in His service in all circumstances. That gives them their position and dignity as explained in the last verse, and their tremendous responsibilities in respect of the people whom they come to instruct and lead to the right Path.
English Translation of Hadith
Hazrat Ubadah bin As-Samit (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: e Messenger of Allah ﷺ [SAWW](PBUH) said, “He who bears witness that there is no true god except Allah, alone having no partner with Him, that Muhammad ﷺ [SAWW] is His slave and His Messenger, that `Isa (Jesus) is His slave and Messenger and he (Jesus) is His Word which He communicated to Maryam (Mary) and His spirit which He sent to her, that Jannah is true and Hell is true; Allah will make him enter Jannah accepting whatever deeds he accomplished”. [Muslim Book 01, Chapter 11, Hadith # 043]. Another narration in Muslim is: e Messenger of Allah ﷺ [SAWW](PBUH) said, “Whosoever testifies that there is no true god except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, Allah (SWT) saves him from the Fire (of Hell)”.
Lesson : as mentioned above in Surah Al-Ahzab Ayat 07. “And (remember) when Allah took from the Prophets their covenant” This Hadith confirms that all Prophets of Allah were men and thus refutes those who attribute divinity to them and exclude them from the category of men or regard them a part of Allah, as Christians believes Prophet `Isa (Jesus to be Christ) by regarding him Allah or His son, or the Jews do Prophet `Uzair by venerating him as son of Allah. The misconception has also taken hold of a sect of the Muslims. They have invented the belief that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ (PBUH) is “Light from the Light of Allah”. Thus, further considering being of him with Divine qualities. They exclude him from the category of men. This Hadith tells us that the belief that Prophets were men constitutes part of Faith and denial of it is the denial of a part of Faith and amounts to evasion from Tawheed – Oneness of Allah. The Prophet `Isa (Jesus) has been referred to in the Qur’an as “Kalimatullah” (the Word of Allah) (4:171). What these words really mean is that he was born in an unusual manner, without being fathered by anyone, only on the express fiat of Allah. This Hadith shows that a major sin does not cast a Muslim out of the fold of Islam, as is believed by certain deviant sects who have gone astray. Such a person does remain a Muslim and his eligibility for admission into Jannah also remains intact but his admission entirely depends on the pleasure of Allah. He may forgive a sinful Muslim and send him to Jannah even in the initial stage or keep him in Hell for some time and then send him to Jannah. Thus, when it is said that Muslims are protected against Hell, it means that they will not abide in Hell forever. It will be a temporary phase varying with his sins. When that punishment comes to an end, or even before it, when Almighty, Allah, wills, he will be removed from Hell to Jannah.